What is a perm?
The “permanent wave” or “perm” permanently alters hair structure to create curls, waves, or straightness. Thioglycolic acid is applied to hair strands coiled around rods. The chemicals breakdown the hair shaft connections when the hair is placed on the rods, allowing the hairdresser to reshape it. After shaping the hair, a baking soda-water solution stops the chemical process.
Perms can last weeks to months, depending on hair type, curl size, and aftercare. Regular washing, conditioning, and styling can prolong a perm, while excessive heat and chemicals will shorten it.
Perms can damage hair if left in too long or if the hair has been chemically treated before. Consult a skilled hairdresser before, during, and after a perm to protect your hair.
How much does a perm cost?
The cost of a perm is determined in part by factors such as the length and thickness of the hair, as well as the location of the salon and the skill level of the stylist. A perm can cost anywhere from $50 to $150 in the United States, with the higher end of the price range reflecting longer processing times and more expensive styling products. In Canada, the cost of a perm ranges from $25 to $75.
When performed in a high-end salon, the cost of a perm can easily reach $500 or even more. There is a possibility that additional style expenses, such as those for a haircut, will be included in the cost of a perm.
It is recommended that you request quotes from a number of different salons and stylists in your neighbourhood in order to obtain the highest price and quality of service that is compatible with your requirements. This can be accomplished by making use of competitive bidding processes.
How long does a perm last?
The length of time that your perm will remain in place is dependent on a variety of factors, such as your natural hair texture, the amount of curls that are created during the process, and how well you maintain your hair afterward. The amount of time that a perm typically lasts after it has been applied is anywhere between three and six months.
However, if the hair is not managed correctly, the perm could loosen and lose its structure after a few weeks. This is more likely to occur if the hair is not well maintained. It is possible to extend the life of a perm by performing routine maintenance on it, such as washing and conditioning the hair, as well as avoiding the use of damaging heat styling products and chemicals.
People whose hair is particularly fine, thin, or brittle may find that their perm fades more quicker than other people’s hair does. In these kinds of situations, it’s possible that you’ll need to touch up or repeat the perm more frequently than usual.
How often can you perm your hair?
How often you can perm depends on hair health, type of perm, and aftercare. Between perms, your hair needs 6-8 weeks to recover and restore its natural strength and texture. Avoid perming your fine, thin, or breakable hair too often.
If your hair has been coloured or chemically treated before a perm, wait 12 weeks or more. This protects your hair. Perming is a chemical process that can damage hair, especially if done frequently.
Deep conditioning and avoiding heat and chemicals can keep your hair healthy between perming treatments. If you’re unsure what hair care routine is best for you and your hair, see a stylist or dermatologist.
What type of perm is best for fine hair?
For fine hair, an undone, beachy perm is perfect. Body wave and beach wave perms employ smaller rods to generate delicate curls. This perm gives thin hair texture and volume. Loose waves are less damaging than tight curls since the perm is less severe.
Using a light perm solution for fine hair prevents breakage and damage from overprocessing. A fine hair perm specialist can advise you on the best perm technique and products for your hair.
Perm vs Digital Perm
Perms and digital perms create curls and waves in hair. Below are their differences and commonalities. A chemical solution relaxes and fixes hair wrapped around perm rods. Neutralizing and rinsing hair preserves curls. This may take time and several steps. Classic perms create tight curls.
Digital Perm: A machine heats and controls the perm solution and rods, speeding up and improving accuracy. To ensure hair uniformity, the equipment is configured with processing times and temperatures. Natural-looking waves or curls result.
Perms and digital perms perform well with different hair types and lengths. Digital perms cost more than traditional perms, but many claim they are gentler on hair and cause less damage.
To determine which perm is best for your hair, see a stylist who has done both. Your stylist can advise you on post-permed hair care and recommend products.
Is getting a perm damage the hair?
Yes, a bad perm or chemically damaged hair can damage your hair. Perming breaks and re-forms hair shaft connections, leaving hair fragile, brittle, and dry. Too much perm solution or too long can damage hair and scalp. Overprocessing or overheating during neutralization may worsen the issue.
Maintaining a perm can limit its damage. Deep conditioning once a month and avoiding hot equipment and harsh chemicals will keep your hair healthy. Professional stylists can advise you on the best products and techniques for your hair’s natural qualities and perform the perm.
If you have hair health issues, visit a stylist or dermatologist and minimize the amount of perms you have per year.
What type of perm is best for fine hair?
A body wave or beach wave perm is something that the vast majority of ladies with fine hair should seriously consider getting done. Tiny rods are used in this method of perming the hair in order to produce soft curls that look completely natural. This style is less likely to cause harm to the hair than perms that create curls that are tighter, while still providing fine hair with the volume and texture it requires.
Choose a gentle perm solution that is formulated for fine hair, and make sure not to over-process your hair during the treatment. Consultation with a professional hairstylist who specializes in perming fine hair is the best way to identify which perming method and materials are best suited for your particular hair type and the results you want to achieve.
Can you color your hair after a perm?
After a perm, you can colour your hair if you follow the aftercare guidelines and time it well. After a perm, don’t colour your hair for two weeks. This lets the perm heal and the curls set.
After a perm, hair may be weaker and more easily damaged, so choose a gentle, nourishing hair colouring. Using a hair colour without ammonia or peroxide protects the hair.
After dyeing your hair, you must regularly deep condition and avoid heat styling and harsh chemicals. Talk to an experienced stylist or colorist about what products and methods will work best for your hair type and desired results when colouring permed hair.
How do you maintain a permed hair?
How to keep your perm looking fresh:
Avoid washing your hair too often
Because curly hair can lose its definition and volume if it is cleaned too frequently, it is crucial to restrict the number of times that you wash your curly hair. Washing your hair more than two or three times a week is sufficient to maintain healthy hair.
Use a sulfate-free shampoo
Because they remove the natural oils from the hair, harsh cleaning chemicals like sulphates can render a perm completely useless. Use a shampoo that does not include sulphate when you wash your hair to prevent it from becoming damaged.
It is necessary to perform regular maintenance on your perm in order to preserve its health and beauty. In order to help preserve the moisture and nutrients that are essential for healthy hair, a deep conditioning treatment should be done once or twice each week.
Use a diffuser when blow-drying
While you are drying your hair, using the diffuser attachment on a hair dryer can help you keep your curls in place and reduce frizz at the same time. Always do your work with the tools at a low heat setting, and try to use them as little as possible.
Avoid using hair products with alcohol
When alcohol is used to hair that has been permed, it can cause the hair to become dry and cause the perm to lose its shape. Choose hair care products that are nutritious and do not contain alcohol.
Sleep with a satin pillowcase
If you want your curls to look amazing when you wake up, consider sleeping on a satin pillowcase. It will help keep the elasticity of your curls.
Visit your stylist regularly
Your perm’s health and beauty may be preserved with routine trims and touch-ups performed by your hairdresser. This will allow your perm to continue to look its best.
Is a perm suitable for short hair?
Even women with short hair can benefit from having their hair permed. Because it adds both volume and structure, a perm is one of the best ways to give short hair a look that is more contemporary and up to date. The type of perm that is used and the technique that is carried out will be decided based on the length and density of the hair.
A body wave or beach wave permed will create waves that are looser and appear more natural. These perms are gentler on the hair and require less maintenance than other types of perms. Hair that is shorter in length will benefit more from a body wave or beach wave perm.
Consultation with a professional stylist who specializes in perming short hair is the best way to identify which perming method and materials are best suited for your particular hair type and the results you want to achieve. Your hairstylist may provide you with instructions on how to care for your hair after the perm as well as advice on the type of perm that will work best with the length, texture, and condition of your hair.